Agriculture is at the center of global nutrition. It now accounts for 40% of global production while accounting for 70% of global water expenditure.
The key figures of a VITAL resource:
- 730,000 liters of water each year to feed and support an inhabitant of the planet, or 2000 liters per day.
Consumption is not equal from one inhabitant to another as we can see with the biggest per capita water users who are:
- Americans with nearly 2.5 million liters of water per person per year.
To make a comparison, in France, each inhabitant consumes for an average day, 140 liters of drinking water while an American consumes up to 600 liters!
Farmers know and realize that despite the blue that reminds us of our beautiful summer sky, the amount of fresh water readily available for their activity is very low.
In agriculture, water is a vital and indispensable resource to which is added a probable increase in the restrictions on water volumes allocated to this area of activity. Irrigation is vital to meet the needs of different crops (wheat, tomato, soybean, melon, etc …). Taken between the scarcity of the resource and the rise of intensive agriculture.
Agriculture is not only threatened by the scarcity of water, but also the first effects of climate change that are already being felt with much more severe and, above all, more frequent droughts.
How to develop agriculture and irrigation while saving a scarce resource?
In Europe the authorities, alarmed by the situation, decided to work to preserve water, this rare and vital resource for man.
Businesses are also worried about the fate of this resource! Because without it is the entire agricultural sector that will suffer and productivity will be reduced.
But to get there must we bet on quotas, technology or a redesign of this sector?